collage maintenance of a private pool

How to Operate, Backwash and Prime a Pool Pump!

Operate and Maintain the Pool Pump

Operate and Maintain the Pool Pump

Swimming is our favorite activity, but cleaning isn’t. Thanks to innovative technologies we don’t have to clean pools manually. Enter the pool pump! Best Pool Pump Reviews – Top Rated Single Dual and Variable Options. The pool pump does most of the job of keeping the water clean and hygienic.

The pool pump is often compared to the heart. Strange as it sounds it is true. If the pool pump is damaged or underperforming the water is unusable. Without the pool pump, swimmers will share the pool with stagnant water that harbors a variety of bacteria and algae. Since no one wants to plunge into water with unwanted pool party guests, the pool is abandoned until a savior arrives to fix the pool pump. The good technician then departs merrily taking a quite a good remuneration along with him or her.

You can certainly avoid all that cost if you follow a few tips to prolong the pool pump’s life. Just keeping reading until the end.

Choose the Right Place

Install the pump adjacent to the skimmer. This way you can ensure that all of your hose connections are within reach. The installation ground must be slightly elevated from the ground. This is to protect the it from damage such as overheating. The extreme weather conditions, like rain can damage the pump. Do not install the system under the floor, in closed surfaces or in a place where it is difficult to access it.

Installing the pump in such places will make the maintenance process difficult and you will not be able to move the parts of the pool pump when you need to repair or replace them. Plan wisely, and install it along with all the connections or gate valves at both the pressure and outlet ports of the pump. You can easily stop the water flow for maintenance or disconnect when moving the machine indoors for the winter storage.

Know About Water Outlets

1. Skimmer:

The skimmer is used to circulate water from the top of the pool. The skimmer removes large debris from the surface of the water and avoids a potential plugged circulation line especially while using a pool vacuum cleaner.

2. Main Drain:

The main drain is used to lower the water level in the pool and is usually located at the deepest point of the pool. Its main purpose is to circulate water from the bottom of the pool. One-third of the circulated water comes from the main drain. Private pools usually have a deep water outlet instead of the main drain to drain the pool and for extra circulation. Here at Poology we to love to bring the most up to date information, and if you have more question feel free to email us.

Main Drain

Main Drain


3. Deep Water Outlet:

A deep water outlet is placed on the edge of the side wall. It is used to circulate water and to lower the water level. In order to avoid suction entrapment a deep water outlet should be combined with a Grate Insert fitting.

4. Vacuum Outlet:

A vacuum outlet is an optional installation. The primary purpose of a vacuum outlet is to work as a suction port for vacuuming the pool. Any negligence while vacuuming a pool could cause damage to the vacuum cleaner. Worse, it could clog large debris in the circulation plumbing. Hence I suggest you vacuum the pool through the skimmer using a vacuum plate and skimmer basket to remove large fragments.

Check Out the Circulation Pump

Circulation Pump

Circulation Pump

The circulation pump moves the pool water throughout the circulation system. Let’s picture this:

Water is first drawn in from the pool’s outlets and sent to the front of the pump. It flows through the hair/lint trap then the pumping chamber and is pushed out through the top of the pool pump and sent to the filter. 

Maintain the Pool Pump

Just remember, if the pool pump doesn’t work your swimming pool will probably turn into a perfect spot for a hunting and breeding ground for unwanted organisms and contaminants. There are two simple tips to remember when it comes to maintaining pool pumps.

1. Do not run the pump without installing the hair/lint trap basket securely in place. The trap basket collects the large rubbish in the pool water before it reaches the pump impeller.

Always check the trap basket cautiously for any cracks or other damage that could let debris through the basket. If you find any damage, replace the basket.

2. Do not run the pool pump without filling the hair/lint trap with water. This is also called "Priming the pump".

Priming a Pool Pump

Priming a Pool Pump

Sometimes a pool pump may lose its prime when air enters the system. When that happens, the water circulation is interrupted. The most common cause of air-block is evaporation among other various reasons.

Priming a pool pump and filter is a standard procedure in the pool systems. Adding water restores the pool's proper water level.

  1. Turn the pool pump off. If you can. Dhut off the main power to the pump.
  2. Turn the air relief valve on the top of the pool filter anti clockwise. The gauge should read 0 psi. Leave this valve open. This will relieve the air pressure.
  3. Change the settings of your suction diverter valve so that either the main drain valve or the skimmer valves are open. Now water will only flow through the selected route, allowing you to prime the pump gradually.
  4. When water is seen moving through the clear sight window in the top of the pump chamber, circulation is restored.
  5. Wait until water begins to spurt out of the air-bleed valve on the filter, then close the valve.

Here’s my final tip for the pool maintenance: Do not procrastinate. Keep your pool clean!

References And Recommended Reading


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